Chapter 1: Introduction to Environmental Science and Sustainability

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“Environmental Protection” by ejaugsburg is in the Public Domain, CC0

Learning Outcomes

After studying this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Describe what the environment is and some of its major components.
  • Identify the shared characteristics of the natural sciences
  • Understand the process of scientific inquiry
  • Compare inductive reasoning with deductive reasoning
  • Describe the goals of basic science and applied science
  • Define environmental science
  • Understand why it is important to study environmental science
  • Explain the concept of sustainability and its social, political, and cultural challenges
  • Evaluate the main points of environmental ethics
  • Describe the concept of environmental justice
  • Differentiate between developed and developing countries

Chapter Outline

  • 1.1 The Earth, Humans, and the Environment
  • 1.2 The Process of Science
  • 1.3 Environment and Sustainability
  • 1.4 Environmental Ethics
  • 1.5 Environmental Justice and Indigenous Struggles
  • 1.6 Chapter Resources


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Introduction to Environmental Sciences and Sustainability Copyright © 2023 by Emily P. Harris is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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