Chapter 8: Life Management

Learning Objectives

  • Examine the importance of a healthy lifestyle for healthcare professionals.
  • Distinguish common causes of stress and evaluate techniques for mitigating burnout.
  • Evaluate time management and organizational strategies for success in school and future professions.


Wellness is being in good physical and mental health. Because mental health and physical health are linked, problems in one area can impact the other. At the same time, improving a person’s physical health can also benefit their mental health, and vice versa. It is important to make healthy choices for both physical and mental well-being. Remember that wellness is not just the absence of illness or stress. A person can still strive for wellness even if they are experiencing these challenges in their life.

Stress Management

Health Effects of Stress

Stress is a feeling a person gets when faced with a challenge. In small doses, stress can be good for a person because it makes them more alert and gives them a burst of energy. For instance, if a person starts to cross the street and sees a car about to run them over, that jolt they feel helps them to jump out of the way before they get hit. But feeling stressed for a long time can take a toll on a person’s mental and physical health. Even though it may seem hard to find ways to de-stress with all the things they have to do, it’s important to find those ways; their health depends on it.

What are the most common causes of stress?

An image of a person sitting at a table with a notebook and open textbooks. The person appears stressed.
Image 8.1. Stress can have a powerful effect on a person’s well-being. [Image description].

Stress happens when people feel like they don’t have the tools to manage all of the demands in their lives. Stress can be short-term or long-term. Missing the bus or arguing with your spouse or partner can cause short-term stress. Money problems or trouble at work can cause long-term stress. Even happy events, like having a baby or getting married can cause stress. Some of the most common stressful life events include:

  • Death of a spouse
  • Death of a close family member
  • Divorce
  • Losing your job
  • Major personal illness or injury
  • Marital separation
  • Marriage
  • Pregnancy
  • Retirement
  • Spending time in jail

What are some common signs of stress?

Everyone responds to stress a little differently. Everyone’s symptoms may be different. Here are some of the signs to look for:

  • Not eating or eating too much
  • Feeling like you have no control
  • Needing to have too much control
  • Forgetfulness
  • Headaches
  • Lack of energy
  • Lack of focus
  • Trouble getting things done
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Short temper
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Upset stomach
  • Back pain
  • General aches and pains

These symptoms may also be signs of depression or anxiety, which can be caused by long-term stress.

Can stress affect health?

The body responds to stress by releasing stress hormones. These hormones make blood pressure, heart rate, and blood sugar levels go up. Long-term stress can help cause a variety of health problems, including:

  • Mental health disorders, like depression and anxiety
  • Obesity
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Abnormal heart beats
  • Menstrual problems
  • Acne and other skin problems

How can a person help handle their stress?

Everyone has to deal with stress. There are steps a person can take to help them handle stress in a positive way and keep it from making them sick. Try these tips to keep stress in check:

Develop a new attitude

  • Become a problem solver. Make a list of the things that cause you stress. From your list, figure out which problems you can solve now and which are beyond your control for the moment. From your list of problems that you can solve now, start with the little ones. Learn how to calmly look at a problem, think of possible solutions, and take action to solve the problem. Being able to solve small problems will give you the confidence to tackle the big ones. And feeling confident that you can solve problems will go a long way to helping you feel less stressed.
  • Be flexible. Sometimes, it’s not worth the stress to argue. Give in once in a while or meet people halfway.
  • Get organized. Think ahead about how you’re going to spend your time. Write a to-do list. Figure out what’s most important to do and do those things first.
  • Set limits. When it comes to things like work and family, figure out what you can really do. There are only so many hours in the day. Set limits for yourself and others. Don’t be afraid to say “no” to requests for your time and energy.


  • Take deep breaths. If you’re feeling stressed, taking a few deep breaths makes you breathe slower and helps your muscles relax.
  • Stretch. Stretching can also help relax your muscles and make you feel less tense.
  • Massage tense muscles. Having someone massage the muscles in the back of your neck and upper back can help you feel less tense.
  • Take time to do something you want to do. We all have lots of things that we have to do. But often we don’t take the time to do the things that we really want to do. It could be listening to music, reading a good book, or going to a movie.

Take care of your body

  • Get enough sleep. Getting enough sleep helps you recover from the stresses of the day. Also, being well-rested helps you think better so that you are prepared to handle problems as they come up. Most adults need 7 to 9 hours of sleep a night to feel rested.
  • Eat right. Try to fuel up with fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains. Don’t be fooled by the jolt you get from caffeine or high-sugar snack foods. Your energy will wear off, and you could wind up feeling more tired than you did before.
  • Get moving. Getting physical activity can not only help relax your tense muscles but improve your mood. Research shows that physical activity can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety.
  • Don’t deal with stress in unhealthy ways. This includes drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking, or overeating.

Connect with others

  • Share your stress. Talking about your problems with friends or family members can sometimes help you feel better. They might also help you see your problems in a new way and suggest solutions that you hadn’t thought of.
  • Get help from a professional if you need it. If you feel that you can no longer cope, talk to your doctor. She or he may suggest counseling to help you learn better ways to deal with stress.
  • Help others. Volunteering in your community can help you make new friends and feel better about yourself.

Personal Wellness

A photo of a person lying down in a field of wildflowers. Only their legs are visible.
Image 8.2. Personal wellness is an important component of academic potential. [Image description].

Personal wellness means being physically, emotionally, and mentally healthy. A healthy lifestyle helps balance all these aspects to achieve wellness. A person’s decisions and choices will impact both their short-term and long-term wellness. It is important to take into account your overall personal wellness in order to increase the potential for academic success in your educational program and get the greatest benefit out of it. In this section, you will learn about some of the various aspects affecting your wellness, such as nutrition, fitness, and lifestyle choices.

Physical Health

There are many lifestyle choices that we make that impact our personal wellness in both negative and positive ways. The negative choices can become vices and cause addictions that can impede wellness for a few hours or be lifelong challenges. Positive choices can can promote health and help form healthy habits. Some of the most rudimentary lifestyle choices are choosing to nurture and protect your body.

  • Get enough sleep every night and try to be consistent about your sleeping routine. Studies show this helps your brain function more effectively.
  • Keep hydrated. Drink plenty of water throughout the day. Avoid soda, alcohol, and sugary drinks.
  • Eat a balanced, nutritious diet. Good nutritious food and a well-balanced diet will fuel your body. Avoid junk food and processed food.
  • Exercise regularly and stay fit.
  • Keep alcohol intake reasonable. Over-consumption of alcohol reduces the ability to function efficiently or think clearly.
  • Do not smoke. Smoking can cause lung cancer, emphysema, chronic cough, shortness of breath, and dull skin.
  • Follow safety rules. Buckle up. Wear your helmet. Use ladders carefully. Wear safety goggles, gloves, and other protective equipment when required. These choices will help prevent unnecessary accidents that can have serious long-term effects.
  • Spend time outdoors and get fresh air and sunshine. Fresh air and sunshine help give the body vitality and vitamin D, which provides numerous benefits.
  • Stay active. Keep moving. Go for walks. Take the stairs instead of the elevator. Ride your bike.
  • Stay home when you are sick. Rest. It allows your body to fight and recover from illness and keeps others safe.

Emotional Health

As well as looking after your physical health, it’s also important to look after your emotional health. Emotional health keeps your heart in check and helps you to keep your emotions reasonable. Here are some ways to stay emotionally healthy.

  • Don’t hold onto grudges.
  • Do things that bring you peace. Maybe that’s going for a nature walk or a hike in the forest.
  • Visit family and friends. Get together with people you care about.
  • Join a team. You can meet new people while you learn a new skill and keep active.
  • Have some downtime. Sometimes it just feels good to let things go and watch a good movie. Rest, relax, cry, laugh, and enjoy.
  • Be aware of your feelings and attitudes.
  • Develop your self-esteem. Pursue things that matter to you.

Time Management and school success techniques

An image depicting time management. An analog clock, a sticky note with the words "time management" written on it, a cup of coffee, and various pens are visible.
Image 8.3. There are many strategies a person can use to make the most of their time. [Image description].

A great aspect of time is its equality. Regardless of race, religion, or age, everyone has the same amount of time in a day, week, month, and year. Wealthy people cannot buy more time and poor people do not receive less time. A minute for a tall person is the same amount of time for a short person. An hour for a woman is the same amount of time for a man. Regardless of how many languages someone speaks, ethnicity, educational background, income, or experience, everyone has 365 days in a year. Granted some people will live longer than others, but everyone has the same amount of time every day as everyone else. Time is also how we keep track of meetings and schedules ensuring that we  are where we are supposed to be at the time we are expected to be there (work, home, class, meeting friends and family, et cetera). Time is important to us.

Time Management Strategies for Success

The following are some strategies you can begin using immediately to make the most of your time:

  • Prepare to be successful. When planning ahead for studying, think yourself into the right mood. Focus on the positive. “When I get these chapters read tonight, I’ll be ahead in studying for the next test, and I’ll also have plenty of time tomorrow to do X.” Visualize yourself studying well!
  • Use your best—and most appropriate—time of day. Different tasks require different mental skills. For some kinds of studying, you may be able to start first thing in the morning as you wake, while others need your most alert moments at another time – whatever those times are for you.
  • Break up large projects into small pieces. Whether it is writing a paper for class, studying for a final exam, or reading a long assignment or full book, students often feel daunted at the beginning of a large project. It is easier to get going if you break it up into stages that you schedule at separate times—and then begin with the first section that requires only an hour or two.
  • Do the most important studying first. When two or more things require your attention, do the more crucial one first. If something happens and you can’t complete everything, you’ll suffer less if the most crucial work is done.
  • If you have trouble getting started, do an easier task first. Like large tasks, complex or difficult ones can be daunting. If you can’t get going, switch to an easier task you can accomplish quickly. That will give you momentum, and often you feel more confident tackling the difficult task after being successful in the first one.
  • If you are feeling overwhelmed and stressed because you have too much to do, revisit your time planner. Sometimes it is hard to get started if you keep thinking about other things you need to get done. Review your schedule for the next few days and make sure everything important is scheduled, then relax and concentrate on the task at hand.
  • If you are really floundering, talk to someone. Maybe you just don’t understand what you should be doing. Talk with your instructor or another student in the class to get back on track.
  • Take a break. We all need breaks to help us concentrate without becoming fatigued and burned out. As a general rule, a short break every hour or so is effective in helping recharge your study energy. Get up and move around to get your blood flowing, clear your thoughts, and work off stress.
  • Use unscheduled times to work ahead. You have scheduled that hundred pages of reading for later today, but you have the textbook with you as you’re waiting for the bus. Start reading now, or flip through the chapter to get a sense of what you will be reading later. Either way, you will save time later. You may be amazed how much studying you can get done during down times throughout the day.
  • Keep your momentum. Prevent distractions, such as multi-tasking, that will only slow you down. Check for messages, for example, only at scheduled break times.
  • Reward yourself. It’s not easy to sit still for hours of studying. When you successfully complete a task, you should feel good and deserve a small reward. A healthy snack, a quick video game session, or social activity can help you feel even better about your successful use of time.
  • Just say no. Always tell others nearby when you’re studying, to reduce the chances of being interrupted. Still, interruptions happen, and if you are in a situation where you are frequently interrupted by a family member, spouse, roommate, or friend, it helps to have your “no” prepared in advance: “No, I really have to be ready for this test” or “That’s a great idea, but let’s do it tomorrow—I just can’t today.” You shouldn’t feel bad about saying no—especially if you told that person in advance that you needed to study.
  • Have a life. Never schedule your day or week so full of work and study that you have no time at all for yourself, your family and friends, and your larger life.
  • Take inventory. Pay attention to where your time goes. What do you spend your time doing? What things could be cut out in order to make space for studies?
  • Use a calendar planner and daily to-do list.
  • Use technology to your advantage. Software and apps are available to help with organization and productivity. They can save you a lot of time.

Battling Procrastination

Procrastination is a way of thinking that lets one put off doing something that should be done now. This can happen to anyone at any time. It’s like a voice inside your head keeps coming up with these brilliant ideas for things to do right now other than studying: “I really ought to get this room cleaned up before I study” or “I can study anytime, but tonight’s the only chance I have to do X.” That voice is also very good at rationalizing: “I really don’t need to read that chapter now; I’ll have plenty of time tomorrow at lunch.…”

Procrastination is very powerful. Some people battle it daily, others only occasionally. Most students procrastinate often, and about half say they need help avoiding procrastination. Procrastination can threaten one’s ability to do well on an assignment or test.

People procrastinate for different reasons. Some people are too relaxed in their priorities, seldom worry, and easily put off responsibilities. Others worry constantly, and that stress keeps them from focusing on the task at hand. Some procrastinate because they fear failure; others procrastinate because they fear success or are so perfectionistic that they don’t want to let themselves down. Some are dreamers. Many different factors are involved, and there are different styles of procrastinating.

Just as there are different causes, there are different possible solutions for procrastination. Different strategies work for different people. The time management strategies described earlier can help you avoid procrastination. Because this is a psychological issue, some additional psychological strategies can also help:

  • Since procrastination is usually a habit, accept that and work on breaking it as you would any other bad habit- one day at a time. Know that every time you overcome feelings of procrastination, the habit becomes weaker and eventually you’ll have a new habit of being able to start studying right away.
  • Schedule times for studying using a daily or weekly planner, paper or digital. Carry it with you and look at it often. Just being aware of the time and what you need to do today can help you get organized and stay on track.
  • If you keep thinking of something else you might forget to do later (making you feel like you “must” do it now), write yourself a note about it for later and get it out of your mind.
  • Counter a negative with a positive. If you’re procrastinating because you’re not looking forward to a certain task, try to think of the positive future results of doing the work.
  • Study with a motivated friend. Form a study group with other students who are motivated and won’t procrastinate along with you. You’ll learn good habits from them while getting the work done now.

Media 8.1. Inside the Mind of a Master Procrastinator [Online video]. Copyright 2016 by TED.

Study skills

What does it mean to earn an A versus a C or a D in a class? For many students, this letter grade signifies the difference between success and failure. However, grades are dependent on many factors. The difficulty of the material and whether or not a topic is new to you might influence how well you are able to remember the information and recall it on an assessment. The types of assessments that are given in a class (tests, quizzes, papers, ungraded homework) might also play a role in how you are able to demonstrate proficiency in your subject. The section below provides a few tips on how to make the most out of every class and how to increase your chances of getting the grade you want.

Take Notes When You Are Reading

It is helpful to take notes by hand or electronically while you are reading to retain information. This is sometimes called “active reading” and the goal is to stay focused on the material and to be able to refer back to notes made while reading to improve retention and study efficiency. Don’t make the mistake of expecting to remember everything you are reading. Taking notes when reading requires effort and energy. Be willing to do it and you’ll reap the benefits later when studying for a test or writing a paper.

Place Your Assignments on Your Master Calendar and Create Plans for Completing Them Before They Are Due

Place all of your assignments for all of your classes with their due dates in your calendar, planner, smartphone, or whatever you use for organization. Students can block off all classes, studying, commute time, work hours, sleeping, eating, caretaking, and socializing. Using a weekly and monthly schedule, you can schedule when to start those assignments, break an assignment into smaller steps, and have an idea of how long it will take to complete them.

Have Someone Read Your Papers Before You Submit Them

You might be surprised to learn how many students turn in papers with spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors that could have been easily corrected by using a spell checker program or having someone read your paper. Campus writing centers or tutors will read your paper and give feedback, make suggestions, and help shape ideas. Take advantage of these services if they are offered. Another strategy is to read your paper aloud to yourself. You may catch errors when you read aloud that you might not catch when reading your writing. Remember that it is always the student’s responsibility to have papers proofread, not someone else’s. Writing early drafts gives you time to edit.

Schedule a time to study and in a location that is best for you

It’s easy to put off studying if it’s not something we schedule. Block specific times and days for studying. Put the times on your calendar. Stick to the schedule. Some students study best in the morning and some at night. Some excel at a coffee shop, and others at the library. The place and time in which students often study is usually the most convenient for them. Students often find convenient places and times may also be full of distractions and thus are not good choices for them to study. Find several places to study and change up your space if you find that it is no longer a working space for you. It’s worth the effort to study at the time and place that will be most productive for you. For most students, it is best to turn off the cell phone and TV and to keep off the Internet (and social media) unless it directly relates to your work. For some, some background noise helps to concentrate.

Memory techniques

The first thing our brains do is to take in information from our senses (what we see, hear, taste, touch, and smell). In many classroom and homework settings, we primarily use hearing for lectures and seeing for reading textbooks. Information we perceive from our senses is stored in what we call the short-term memory.

It is useful to then be able to do multiple things with information in the short-term memory. We want to: 1) decide if that information is important; 2) for the information that is important, be able to save the information in our brain on a longer-term basis—this storage is called the long-term memory; 3) retrieve that information when we need to. Exams often measure how effectively the student can retrieve “important information.”

In some classes and with some textbooks it is easy to determine information important to memorize. In other courses with other textbooks, that process may be more difficult. Your instructor can be a valuable resource to assist with determining the information that needs to be memorized. Once the important information is identified, it is helpful to organize it in a way that will help you best understand.

Moving Information from the Short-term Memory to the Long-term Memory

This is something that takes a lot of time; there is no shortcut to it. Students who skip putting in the time and work often end up cramming at the end.

Once information is memorized, regardless of when the exam is, the last step is to apply the information. Ask yourself: In what real-world scenarios could you apply this information? For mastery, try to teach the information to someone else.

How we save information to our long-term memory has a lot to do with our ability to retrieve it when we need it at a later date. Our mind “saves” information by creating a complex series of links to the data. The stronger the links, the easier it is to recall. You can strengthen these links by using the following strategies. You should note how closely they are tied to good listening and note-taking strategies.

  • Make a deliberate decision to remember the specific data. “I need to remember Richard’s name” creates stronger links than just wishing you had a better memory for names.
  • Link the information to your everyday life. Ask yourself, “Why is it important that I remember this material?”—and answer it.
  • Link the information to other information you already have “stored”, especially the key themes of the course, and you will recall the data more easily. Ask yourself how this is related to other information you have. Look for ways to tie items together. Are they used in similar ways? Do they have similar meanings? Do they sound alike?
  • Mentally group similar individual items into “buckets.” By doing this, you are creating links. For example, if you must to memorize a vocabulary list for a Spanish class, group the nouns together with other nouns, verbs with verbs, and so forth. Or your groupings might be sentences using the vocabulary words.
  • Use visual imagery. Picture the concept vividly in your mind. Make those images big, bold, and colorful—even silly! Pile concepts on top of each other or around each other; exaggerate their features like a caricature and let your imagination run wild. Humor and crazy imagery can help you recall key concepts.
  • Use the information. Studies have generally shown that we retain only 5 percent of what we hear, 10 percent of what we read, 20 percent of what we learn from multimedia, and 30 percent of what is demonstrated to us. However we retain 50 percent of what we discuss, 75 percent of what we practice by doing, and 90 percent of what we teach others or use immediately in a relevant activity. Review your notes, participate in class, and study with others.
  • Break information down into manageable “chunks.” Memorizing the ten-digit number “3141592654” seems difficult, but breaking it down into two sets of three digits and one of four digits, like a phone number—(314) 159-2654—now makes it easier to remember.
  • Work from general information to the specific. People usually learn best when they get the big picture first, and then look at the details.
  • Eliminate distractions. Every time you have to “reboot” your short-term memory, you risk losing data points. Multi-tasking—listening to music or texting while you study—will play havoc with your ability to memorize because you will need to reboot your short-term memory each time you switch mental tasks.
  • Repeat, repeat, repeat. Hear the information; read the information; say it (yes, out loud), and say it again. The more you use or repeat the information, the stronger you develop links to it. The more senses you use to process the information, the stronger the memorization. Write information on index cards to make flashcards and use downtime (when waiting for the subway or during a break between classes) to review key information.
  • Test your memory often. Try to write down everything you know about a specific subject, from memory. Then go back and check your notes and textbook to see how you did. Practicing retrieval in this way helps ensure long-term learning of facts and concepts.
  • Location, location, location. There is often a strong connection between information and the place where you first received that information. Associate information to learning locations for stronger memory links. Picture where you were sitting in the lecture hall as you repeat the facts in your mind.

Using Mnemonics

What do the names of the Great Lakes, the makings of a Big Mac, and the number of days in a month have in common? They are easily remembered by using mnemonic devices. Mnemonics (pronounced neh-MA-nicks) are tricks for memorizing lists and data. They create artificial but strong links to the data, making recall easier. The most commonly used mnemonic devices are acronyms, acrostics, rhymes, and jingles. Check out the chart below for those and more types of mnemonic devices.

Mnemonic Devices
Mnemonic Devices
  • Acronyms
    • Every discipline has its own language and acronyms are abbreviations. Acronyms can be used to remember words in sequence or a group of words representing things or concepts. For example:
      • BOGO: buy one, get one (free)
      • SCUBA: self-contained underwater breathing apparatus.
      • PIN: personal identification number.
  • Acrostics
    • Acrostics are phrases where the first letter of each word represents another word. They are relatively easy to make and can be very useful for remembering groups of words.
      • “My Very Educated Mother Just Sent Us Nine Pizzas” to help remember the nine planets and their order in our solar system.
      • “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally” is an acrostic for the order of operations when solving math problems.
  • Chunking
    • You can capitalize on your short-term memory by “chunking” information. If you need to remember this number: 178206781. The task would exhaust your seven units of storage space unless you “chunk” the digits into groups. In this case, you could divide it into three chunks, like a social insurance number: 178 206 781. By chunking the information and repeating it you can stretch the capacity of your short-term memory.
  • Flashcards
    • Flashcards provide a convenient tool to test yourself frequently. You can purchase flashcards for common memory tasks such as learning multiplication tables, or you can create your own for learning facts, systems, and processes.
  • Images
    • This helps us remember by linking words to meanings through associations based on how a word sounds and creating imagery for specific words. This sort of visualization was found to be more effective when one listened to someone reading a text than when they read the text themselves.
  • Jingle
    • Jingles or short songs are great tools for memory. Remember the famous song to teach children parts of the body, “Head, shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes. Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes. And eyes, and ears, and mouth and nose.”
  • Locations and Journeys
    • Traditionally known as the Method of Loci, we associate each word from a list or grouping with a location. Imagine a place with which you are familiar, such as the rooms in your house. These become the objects of information you need to memorize. Another example is to use the route to your work or school, with landmarks along the way becoming the information you need to memorize. When you do this in order of your journey through the imagined space, it makes it easier to retrieve all of the information in the future.
  • Maps and Diagrams
    • Graphic organizers help us remember by connecting new information to our existing knowledge and to let us see how concepts relate to each other and fit into a context. Mind and concept maps, Cause and Effect, Fishbone, Cycle, Flow Chart, Ladders, Story Board, Compare and Contrast, Venn Diagrams, and more.
  • Reciting
    • Saying something out loud activates more areas of our brain and helps to connect the information to other activities.
  • Rhymes
    • Rhyme, rhythm, repetition, and melody make use of our brain’s ability to encode audio information and use patterns to aid memory. They help recall by limiting the possible options to those items that fit the pattern you have created.
  • Summarizing
    • This traditional element of note-taking is a way to physically encode materials that make it easier for our brain to store and retrieve. It can be said that if we cannot summarize, then we have not learned…yet.

Creating personal schedules

When creating a personal schedule, consider the courses you’re taking and your personal time commitments that are non-negotiable, and those that are negotiable. It is important to be realistic about the time required for everything from personal hygiene (bathing, shaving, putting on make-up, doing hair, et cetera) to eating (including meal preparation), to working on courses. As you work on your time management, you will become much more aware of how much time you actually spend on these things.

Be realistic about the amount of time you’ll need to devote to your studies. Remember that for every hour spent in class, you should plan an average of two additional hours studying outside of class. Make sure to schedule these time periods in your planner! These times change from week to week, with one course requiring more time in one week because of a paper due at the end of the week and a different course requiring more the next week because of a major exam. Make sure you block out enough hours in the week to accomplish what you need to do. As you choose your study times, consider what times of day you are at your best and what times you prefer to use for social or other activities.

Don’t try to micro-manage your schedule. Don’t try to estimate exactly how many minutes you’ll need two weeks from today to read a given chapter in a given textbook. Instead, just choose the blocks of time you will use for your studies. Don’t yet write in the exact study activity—just reserve the block. Next, look at the major deadlines for projects and exams that you wrote earlier. Estimate how much time you may need for each and work backward on the schedule from the due date.

As you put together your schedule, here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Be realistic about time when you make your schedule.
  • Don’t overdo it. Few people can study four or five hours nonstop, and scheduling extended time periods like that may just set you up for failure.
  • Schedule social events that occur at set times, but just leave holes in the schedule for other activities. Enjoy those open times and recharge your energy level!
  • Try to schedule some time for exercise at least three days a week.
  • If a study activity is taking longer than you had scheduled, look ahead and adjust your weekly planner to prevent the stress of feeling behind.
  • If you’re not paying close attention to everything in your planner, use a colored highlighter to mark the times blocked out for really important things.
  • When following your schedule, pay attention to starting and stopping times. If you planned to start your test review at four o’clock after an hour of reading for a different class, don’t let the reading run long and take time away from studying for the test.

Key Takeaways

  • Feeling stressed for a long time can take a toll on a person’s mental and physical health.
  • A person’s decisions and choices will impact both their short-term and long-term personal wellness.
  • Time management strategies can help a person avoid procrastination.

  • Emotional Health – What keeps your heart in check and helps you to keep your emotions reasonable
  • Personal Wellness – Being physically, emotionally, and mentally healthy
  • Procrastination – A way of thinking that lets one put off doing something that should be done now
  • Stress – A feeling a person gets when faced with a challenge
  • Wellness – Being in good physical and mental health

Chapter 8 Test Yourself

Instructions: Select one of the gray boxes below to see if your answer is correct.

Chapter 8 crossword puzzle

Instructions: Type in your answers below to fill in the crossword puzzle.

Please see Appendix C for an offline copy of the Chapter 8 Test Yourself activity. To view interactive H5P elements that have been excluded from this version of the text, please visit it online here:

References and Attributions


Dimensions of Wellness” in Disease Prevention and Healthy Lifestyles by Trina DiGregorio. Published by Monroe Community College under a CC BY 4.0 license. Lightly edited for flow and clarity.

Stress Management

Health Effects of Stress” in Disease Prevention and Healthy Lifestyles by Trina DiGregorio. Published by Monroe Community College under a CC BY 4.0 license. Lightly edited for flow and clarity.

Managing Stress” in Disease Prevention and Healthy Lifestyles by Trina DiGregorio. Published by Monroe Community College under a CC BY 4.0 license. Lightly edited for brevity.

Personal Wellness

Personal Wellness” in Student Success by Mary Shier. Published by BCcampus under a CC BY 4.0 license. Lightly edited for brevity and tone.

Time Management and School Success Techniques

Time Management: Introduction” and “Strategies” in Student Success by Mary Shier. Published by BCcampus under a CC BY 4.0 license. Lightly edited for tone brevity.

Inside the Mind of a Master Procrastinator” [Video] by Tim Urban. Published by TED. All rights reserved.

Study Skills” by Dave Dillon, Phyllis Nissila, and Norma Cárdenas. In Blueprint for Success in College and Career by Dave Dillon. Published by Open Oregon Educational Resources under a CC BY 4.0 license. Edited for brevity, flow, and tone.

Memory Techniques” in Student Success by Mary Shier. Published by BCcampus under a CC BY 4.0 license. Lightly edited for brevity and tone. Content on mnemonic devices transformed into accordion chart in H5P.

Creating Personal Schedules” in Student Success by Mary Shier. Published by BCcampus under a CC BY 4.0 license. Lightly edited for flow and brevity.

Image Descriptions

Image 8.1: An image of a person sitting at a table with a notebook and open textbooks. The person appears stressed. [Return to Image 8.1]

Image 8.2: A photo of a person lying down in a field of wildflowers. Only their legs are visible. [Return to Image 8.2]

Image 8.3: An image depicting time management. An analog clock, a sticky note with the words “time management” written on it, a cup of coffee, and various pens are visible. [Return to Image 8.3]


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Career Cornerstones: Establishing a Foundation for a Career in Healthcare Copyright © 2023 by Katherine Greene and Andrea Nelson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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